The construction of various buildings, houses, whether it is built by the contractor itself. or find a home builder company บริษัทรับสร้างบ้าน Environmental friendliness standard rating is required. The details are as follows.
- Environmental friendliness standard rating system (LEED Green Building Rating System)
LEED environmental friendliness assessment system for designers building builder and building owner Received standard certificates for various types of buildings And the process for the construction of the Green Building Council (USGBC) has developed a rating system (rating) according to the type of building as follows:
ㆍLEED-NC : New Construction and Major Renovations for new buildings and major renovations
ㆍLEED-CI : Commercial Interiors for interior decoration of commercial buildings.
ㆍLEED-CS : Core/Shell for buildings with axial load-bearing structure and thin-shell (shell) structure.
ㆍLEED-EB : Existing Buildings for Existing Buildings (Old Buildings)
ㆍLEED-Homes for residential homes
ㆍLEED-ND: Neighborhood Developments for neighborhood developments.
ㆍLEED for Schools
ㆍ LEED for Healthcare for nursing homes or healthcare facilities
ㆍ LEED for Labs for scientific laboratories
ㆍLEED for Retail
The rating system based on the LEED environmental friendliness standard for the construction of new buildings addresses six major construction issues:
1. Sustainable Sites
Project site supervision involves reducing pollution generated by construction works. Selection of the location suitable for the construction project Protecting areas that are sensitive to changes from the project Restoration of the habitats of affected people and animals to their original condition. Promoting alternative modes of transport to reduce pollution from using cars Paying attention to the hydraulics of the project location and reducing the heat island phenomenon that may be caused by the construction of concrete forests to replace the ground and trees.
2. Water resource efficiency (Water Efficiency)
Supporting and campaigning to reduce the need for water by using various water-saving devices. Storage and use of rainwater or wastewater treatment for reuse as well as organizing water production systems in the vicinity
3. Energy use and environment creation (Energy & Atmosphere)
Promote energy efficiency of buildings and surrounding areas. Increase the use of renewable energy and does not create pollution To reduce the environmental and economic impacts associated with the use of fossil fuels and atmospheric gas emissions that contribute to ozone depletion and greenhouse effect. (global warming)
4. Materials & Resources
The use of materials and resources involves the use of locally obtainable resource materials. materials that can be recycled Reducing waste and the need for new materials conservation of cultural resources and reducing the environmental impact of new buildings
5. Quality of life and internal environment (Indoor Environmental Quality)
Promoting convenience abundance and the well-being of the occupants of the building by improving the quality of indoor air The design allows sunlight to illuminate the interior of the building more thoroughly. as well as allowing users to control the brightness and temperature to suit the usage building occupant satisfaction and reduce the amount of chemicals that may cause harm to building occupants such as paint products, wood preservatives containing glue and urea-formaldehyde resin, etc.
6. Innovation & Design Process
inventing new approaches Exceeding the existing LEED standards to help build or develop projects to be sustainable and environmentally sound is a good thing. And deserve an award to continue to be an example to others. Awards for construction that exceeds the environmental friendliness standards set by the LEED-NC Green Building System and/or demonstrations of green building innovation not listed by the LEED-NC. Green Building System
US energy use
- Some of the solar radiation is reflected back by the Earth’s atmosphere and surface. while some are absorbed by the Earth’s atmosphere and surface.
- Some of the radiation absorbed by the earth’s surface as energy is emitted in the form of infrared radiation.
- While some of the infrared rays can penetrate through the atmosphere. Some are absorbed and released in all directions by the greenhouse gases and water vapor layer above the Earth’s surface.
- Infrared radiation reflects back to the earth’s surface. due to the greenhouse effect causing the temperature near the earth’s surface to rise
Climate change and global warming
Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide are produced. will float up into the atmosphere It has the highest amount of carbon dioxide (CO²) in the United States. source of carbon dioxide Mainly from the combustion of fuel
7. The 2030 Challenge
Architective 2030 is an environmental conservation organization mission to provide information and new approaches. to solve architectural problems Field planning and an effort to highlight the importance of climate change. The founder of the organization points out information from the U.S. Energy Information Administration, which Buildings account for nearly half of the country’s total energy consumption and also emit greenhouse gas GHGs each year, which Messria believes is growing.
The door associated with the interesting design is Most of the energy consumption is not generated by the construction of the building materials. It is the process of using the building that occurs after the construction of the building is completed, such as air conditioning, various lighting systems. from building use means that if energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions are reduced We need to design a building or choose a suitable building location. After the building was completed throughout the life of the building By using the techniques of heating, cooling, natural ventilation as well as the illumination of sunlight. Let’s consider the design of the building’s appearance as well.
The environmental organization Architect 2030 is hosting The 2030 Challenge, where upcoming land design and development projects are designed to use geothermal energy such as kerosene or half the coal they used to. that means The reduction in geothermal energy consumption will be reduced to 60% in 2010, 70% in 2015, 80% in 2020, 90% in 2025, and ultimately to 100% by 2030 for all buildings. There will be no geothermal energy. and there will be no more greenhouse gas emissions.
There are two approaches to reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of buildings: reducing energy demand; Based on the selection of the project location, the direction of the project appropriate building design as well as the use of various strategies To adjust the temperature from the environment and nature to be comfortable. This approach is known as the Passive Approach, or increasing the capacity of alternative energy sources such as solar, wind and biogas of buildings that can be sourced locally. However, approaches to reducing geothermal demand should be a first step. Efforts should be made to increase the potential of using alternative energy such as renewable energy.